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With temperatures excepted to reach near 100 degrees and electricity still out, the thought of your love one having a heat stroke is can be very much real. People suffer heat-related illness when the body’s temperature control system is overloaded and the body can no longer cool itself. 

Symptoms of heat illness include heavy sweating, muscle cramps, weakness, dizziness, nausea, weak but rapid pulse and headaches. People with these symptoms should find shade, drink water slowly and make sure there is good ventilation. 

Staying in an air-conditioned area, either at home or in a public place such as a mall, library or recreation center is the most effective way to fight heat. If air conditioning is not available, pull the shades over the windows and use cross-ventilation and fans to cool rooms. A cool shower or bath also is an effective way to cool off. Limit use of stoves and ovens to keep home temperatures lower.

Tips to Avoid Heated Related Illness:  

  • Tips To Avoid Heat Related Illness
  • Never leave infants, children or pets inside a parked vehicle
  • Increase fluid intake, regardless of activity level.
  • Continue to drink fluids even after strenuous activity
  • Avoid beverages containing alcohol, caffeine or
  • large amounts of sugar as they dehydrate the body
  • Avoid very cold beverages as they cause stomach cramps
  • Limit exercise or outdoor activity between the hours of 11 a.m. and 3 p.m.
  • Wear a sunscreen with a minimum SPF 15. Apply at least 30 minutes prior to going outdoors, and re-apply as necessary
  • Rest frequently in shady areas so that the body’s temperature has a chance to recover
  • Wear lightweight, loose-fitting clothing; sunglasses to protect the eyes; and a wide-brimmed hat to provide shade and keep the head cool

Severe heat, often combined with the high humidity in much of the state during the summer, can create serious heath risks. The elderly, infants and those with certain chronic illnesses are especially at risk, especially if air conditioning is not readily available.

For more storm-related information, go to http://www.mema.state.md.us

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